Kalesar Sanctuary in Mussoorie
Kalesar Sanctuary spans 13209 hectares along the Yamuna in Haryana’s Yamuna Nagar district. It is the state’s largest sanctuary and is located within the National Park. It is a popular bird-watching destination in the Himalayan foothills of the Shiwalik ranges.
The park is about 150 kilometers from Chandigarh and shares borders with three states: Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, and Uttar Pradesh. The Yamuna River forms the state’s eastern boundary with Uttar Pradesh, while the main Shivalik ridge separates Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, and Uttaranchal in the north.
The Mahakaleshwer Nav Grah Temple on the Jagadhri Ponta Road, which is located within the protected area, is named Kalesar National Park. The entire area is rich in bio-diversity, with dense Sal forest, Khair forest, and patches of grasslands supporting a diverse range of flora and fauna.
It was designated a sanctuary on December 13, 1996, with an area of 13209 acres, and was upgraded to a national park on December 8, 2003. Kalesar is Haryana’s only National Park with a good natural forest that supports such a diverse bio-diversity.
This is the primary reason for Kalesar’s importance in terms of conservation, education, tourism, and research opportunities. Simbalwada Wildlife Sanctuary (Himachal Pradesh) is located to the north of the National Park, separated by a ridge line and marked by pillars. To the east, the Yamuna River forms the park’s border with Uttar Pradesh.
To the south are the agricultural lands of Tajewala Araynwala, Naggal, Tiberian, Khizri, Baghpat, Khillanwala, Kansli, Darpur, Chicken, Jatanwal, and Kot. The crop fields of Faqirmajra and Ibrahimpur border the western side. A 100-year-old colonial dak bungalow is located at a picturesque point within the Park.
It is home to many endangered species, including 16 male and female leopards, Ghoral, Barking deer, 19 Panthers, Sambar, Chital, Python, King Cobra, Monitor lizard, and others. Tigers and elephants occasionally visit this park from Rajaji National Park.
As a result, this park is critical for the conservation of endangered species such as tigers and elephants. This habitat could serve as an alternative home for these two animals from Rajaji National Park. The Flora of Kalesar Forest is diverse, with sal trees and Khair, Shisam, Tun, Sain, Chhal, Jhingan, Sain, and Amla dominating. Kalesar forest is possibly Haryana’s only forest with a natural tree belt.